Ciência curiosa

Vá sem Deus, mas com valores morais

2

Os tementes a Deus que nos perdoem, mas parece que a devoção religiosa, embora possa tornar mais rica a experiência de vida de muita gente, não transforma ninguém em uma pessoa melhor. Um estudo realizado nos Estados Unidos realizou testes de moralidade com pessoas religiosas e outras sem religião para verificar se havia diferenças em seus comportamentos diários. O resultado mostrou que não é apenas aos olhos de Deus que somos todos iguais.


O diabinho e o anjinho estão dentro de todos nós
[FONTE: Deviant Art

Um estudo publicado no portal da Universidade de Illinois em Chicago, responsável pela pesquisa, entrevistou mais de 1200 pessoas, entre 18 e 68 anos, por meio de formulários enviados a seus smartphones. Entre os participantes, havia norte americanos e canadenses, e todos tiveram que se declarar praticantes ou não de alguma religião. Ao longo de três dias, todos receberam cinco mensagens diárias no celular. Cada uma pedia que eles descrevessem algum ato moral ou imoral que tivessem cometido, testemunhado ou tomado conhecimento na última hora.


Dilema moral à frente: tenha cuidado e evite manobras arriscadas
[FONTE: Disjointed Thinking

Os pesquisadores chegaram à conclusão que devotos e pagãos têm os mesmos valores e juízos morais. O que é certo para os de cá, também é correto para os de lá; e o que uns julgam errado, os outros também consideram inapropriado. A única diferença é que as pessoas religiosas experimentaram emoções mais fortes diante das ações que julgaram. Elas ficavam mais orgulhosas quando praticavam atos morais e se sentiam mais envergonhadas e enojadas quando eram culpadas de atos imorais. Enquanto isso, os não devotos tinham reações mais comedidas ao se autoavaliarem.


A justiça pode ser cega, mas a sua consciência não é
[FONTE: The Tormey Law Firm

Esse chão comum mostra que independente de crenças ou descrenças, as relações humanas são pautadas muito mais por princípios éticos que estão fora da alçada de Deus. Por isso que temas tão comumente abordados pelo viés religioso, também são profundamente debatidos no campo da Filosofia, como no livro A Coisa Certa a Fazer, no qual polêmicas como eutanásia, clonagem humana e casamento homoafetivo são analisados sem a intervenção divina.

Para a professora Linda Skitka, coautora da pesquisa em Chicago, estudos como esse são importantes para mostrar que as populações em geral estão preocupadas com questões abrangentes como justiça, honestidade, autoridade, subversão e maldade. Para a gente aqui no Brasil, pode ser especialmente importante lembrar disso nessa semana de eleições. Qual a coisa certa a fazer?

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